Greenhouse gases released by fossil fuels are a significant source of marine pollution, since they cause acidification of the sea and other environmental problems.
Atmospheric pollution contributes to both marine and coastal contamination. Take, for example, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which enhances the acidity of sea water.
Marine ecology is polluted by nuclear wastes from a variety of sectors, which has an impact on the food chain of a marine environment.
Temperature rises in the seas as a result of thermal pollution from power plants, industrial enterprises, and other sources entering the water.
Acid rain also is a contributing factor to ocean pollution.
In the event of acid showers, the sulphuric acid & nitric acid present in the air combine with sea water, increasing overall acidity of the water.
What Are Some Of The Negative Consequences Of Marine Pollution?
Marine pollution has a significant impact on the health of ocean life. Toxins, chemicals, polluted wastes, and other harmful substances are among the most serious sources of marine pollution. These contaminants have a variety of effects on the marine Eco-system, including the following:
Oxygen Concentration In The Water Is Decreasing
The majority of the rubbish thrown in seas throughout the globe will not degrade for many years, resulting in a significant reduction in the amount of oxygen available in the water. Seawater oxygen levels are being depleted at an alarming pace as a result of an abundance of trash. The low quantity of oxygen in the water is having a direct impact on the health of marine plants and animals such as sharks, penguin, whale, dolphins, turtles, and seals, among others.
It Has An Impact On The Aquatic Food Chain
It is the river that finally empties into the sea that carries agricultural and industrial garbage into the marine water. Pesticides, chemicals, radioactive waste, and other agricultural and industrial waste are deposited in the ocean’s bottom level, where they continue to exist in their natural state for many years. This deposited garbage has an impact on the ocean from the ocean’s bottom to its surface on a global scale. These compounds are ingested by the little organisms of the water, who are ultimately devoured by the larger species. As a result, the whole food chain is adversely impacted.
Disruption Of The Coral Reef Cycles
Oil spills that blanket the surface of saltwater prevent sunlight from reaching the marine plants that depend on it. As a result, it interferes with the photosynthetic process. As a consequence, the coral reef’s life cycle is thrown off balance.
It Has An Effect On The Reproductive Tract Of Aquatic Animals
The garbage generated by businesses and agriculture contains hazardous chemicals that have a negative impact on marine life. These compounds are so hazardous that they have the potential to harm aquatic creatures’ organs, including their reproductive systems. Failure of a reproductive system has an impact on the process of reproduction of aquatic animals, particularly those that live in bodies of water.
Toxic Impacts On Marine Life Are A Serious Problem
The chemicals that are accumulating in the seas day by day are having harmful effects on aquatic species, including cancer, tissue and cell damage, organ failure, behavioural abnormalities, and failure of the reproductive system, among other things. The hazardous chemicals, pesticides, and oil spills that enter the bodies of these creatures, either directly or indirectly, cause a variety of health problems and, in some cases, death in the animals.
Other Negative Consequences Of Marine Pollution
- An rise in sea temperature as a result of pollution causes a disruption in the fresh water equations, resulting in the unavoidable death of innocent aquatic species in their natural habitat.
- Indirectly, marine pollution has a negative impact on human health.
- When people ingest animals that have been harmed by pollution, the contaminants that have been transported into their body from the afflicted ocean animal.
- When the poisons fully dissolved raise the acidity of a ocean, it puts marine species at great danger.
When polluting the environment with pollutants like as oil spills, the sun is prevented from reaching seabed. These contaminants reduce the amount of sunlight that reaches the seabed, which has an adverse effect on the photosynthetic process of plants.